Preston Primary (VC) School

Love, Learn, Aspire

"Let all that you do be done in love." 1 Corinthians 16:14


We follow the EYFS Statutory Framework 2022 (Reception) and  National Curriculum: Science programme of study (Years 1 - 6). We teach the curriculum through the Chris Quigley's Essentials Curriculum to ensure our pupils develop the skills needed to flourish as scientists. Children are taught the essential characteristics of scientists in order to help them 'think like a scientist'. Our curriculum shows a progression in skills, ensuring pupils can meet the milestones for each key stage before moving on to the next step in their learning.  Threshold Concepts for Science underpin the skills taught to ensure children can develop a thorough knowledge of Science.


As we have mixed-age year groups, we follow a two year rolling programme for Science.


We are currently following YEAR B. You will find the overview at the bottom of this page.

Essential characteristics of scientists

  • The ability to think independently and raise questions about working scientifically and the knowledge and skills that it brings.
  • Confidence and competence in the full range of practical skills, taking the initiative in, for example, planning and carrying out scientific investigations.
  • Excellent scientific knowledge and understanding which is demonstrated in written and verbal explanations, solving challenging problems and reporting scientific findings.
  • High levels of originality, imagination or innovation in the application of skills.
  • The ability to undertake practical work in a variety of contexts, including fieldwork.
  • A passion for science and its application in past, present and future technologies.

Threshold concepts

Working scientifically




Work scientifically

This concept involves learning the methodologies of the discipline of science.

Understand plants

This concept involves becoming familiar with different types of plants, their structure and reproduction.

Investigate materials

This concept involves becoming familiar with a range of materials, their properties, uses and how they may be altered or changed.

Understand movement, forces and magnets

This concept involves understanding what causes motion.


Understand animals and humans

This concept involves becoming familiar with different types of animals, humans and the life processes they share.


Understand the Earth’s movement in space

This concept involves understanding what causes seasonal changes, day and night.


Investigate living things

This concept involves becoming familiar with a wider range of living things, including insects and understanding life processes.


Investigate light and seeing

This concept involves understanding how light and reflection affect sight.


Understand evolution and inheritance

This concept involves understanding that organisms come into existence, adapts, change, evolve, and become extinct.


Understand sound and hearing

This concept involves understanding how sound is produces, how it travels and how it is heard.





Understand electrical circuits

This concept involves understanding circuits and their role in electrical applications.